The area of the district is approximately 2085 sq. km. bordered by Tibet in the North, Bhutan in the South-West and Sela ranges separate West Kameng district in the East.
The name TAWANG derives from some bearings on surroundings. But people's interpretation is that the name TAWANG was given by Mera Lama in the 17th century.
One can reach Tawang from other parts of the country via Guwahati and Tezpur in Assam. From Guwahati(Assam) or Tezpur(Assam), one has to go to Bhalukpong in West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh and from there via Bomdila and Sela Pass one can go to Tawang by road.
The inhabitants of the districts are all of Monpa tribes except Shyo village which is dominated by people of Tibetian origin. The Monpas belong to Mongoloid stock. They are well built, fair in complexion. Their houses are built with stones and timbers. Agriculture and Animal Husbandry are the fundamental means of the Monpas occupation. Tawang Monastery is one of the most important element in Social and Religious life of the Monpas. This Monastery is known as "GALDEN NAMGYEL LHATSE". It is one of the most largest Lamaseries of Mahayana sect in Asia. Lamseries comprise of several sections ranging near about four hundred years, devoted to Love, Learning and Purity of life. This fortified complex covers an area of 135 sq. meters enclosed by a compound wall of 610 meter long. Within the complex there are 65 residential buildings and 10 other structures. The library have valuable old scriptures mainly Kanjur and Tanjur numbering 850 bundles. It is dated back to 17th century A.D. There are two major religious festivals of the Monpas viz "LOSAR" and "TORGYA". Both festivals are celebrated once annually. The LOSAR s celebrated to the commencement of New year. Every third year of Torgya, the festival of Dungyur is celebrated. Both "Dungyur and Torgya" festivals are celebrated at the premises of the Tawang Monastery with traditional gaiety and enthusiasm.
There are beautiful lakes around Tawang. One is Pankang Teng Tso (P.T. Tso ) lake. It is a fetching heaven for tourist only 17 KM away from maddening crowd of township. It is a beautiful natural site and provide tourist a lucky chance for deep communion with nature. Other eye catching lakes are Sangetser lake, Banggachang lake.
Akashiganga is believed to be associated with the legend of Parvati narrated in the 8th century Kalika Purana. It is said that Lord Shankar roamed in the sky with the dead body of Parvati (Sati).
To bring him out of attachment for the dead body Lord Vishnu using his 'Sudarshan Chakra' cut the body into pieces. During this process it is said that one of the body piece fell in the area which is 12 Km from Malinithan towards Along in West Siang District. This place is called Akashi Ganga and is very popular as a sacred place. There is a temple near the road. From there one has to go down 100 meters down through a spiral path, where a sparkling object can be seen in the 'Kund' but ongoing more down the object is invisible. Devotees take bath in this kund. The place also provides a magnificent bird's eye view of the Brahmaputra River glimmering far below.
Sightseeing in Akashiganga in Arunachal Pradesh
The Sacred Kund
There is a temple near the road. From there one has to go down 100 meters down through a spiral path, where a sparkling object can be seen in the 'Kund' but on going closer down, the object is invisible. Pilgrims take a holy dip in this Kund.
Book a tour to Akashiganga
Some Important Destinations near Akashiganga
Along (Arunachal Pradesh) is 25 km from Akashiganga, which also provides a helipad. Likabali is 23 km, Malinithan is 12 km and Lilabari is 67 km from Akashiganga. Lilabari is 67 km from Itanagar, the capital of Arunachal Pradesh. Lilabari is connected to Guwahati in Assam by road and air. Guwahati to linked to all major cities of India by rail and air.
There are times you are left to wonder if nature has been more kind to some parts of the earth. The world has many places that offer you great experiences, breathtaking moments and amazing views. Some tourist spots have beautiful mountains and stunning valleys; some are deserts but still have a great deal to offer. Each is beautiful in its own way and every place is unique for what it has to offer. While nature plays its game at its will on various locations, mankind had been playing its own game. Very few places have the best of everything and Arunachal Pradesh is one such place. The state is rich with picturesque beauty that offers relaxation and rejuvenation. The place offers you peace and action. Places of worship or wildlife sanctuaries, you name it; the state has it. Here are the top places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh which you cannot afford to miss.
Bhismaknagar was ruled by King Bhismak (father of Rukmini who was the wife of Lord Krishna). King Bhismak gave great fame to the town by constructing the greatest historical forts of Arunachal Pradesh, Bhismaknagar fort. Even to this day, the town is known as a historical and religious center owing to this fort. Bhismaknagar has been mentioned in the Kalika Purana of the 8th century. Bhismaknagar was ruled by the Chutiya Kingdom from the 12th to 16th centuries. It was later ruled by the Ahom Kingdom, the rulers of Assam. Following their conflicts with the tribes, the tribes went through major economic problems. In the 18th century, after the British entered the territory, the entire area came under their control. Except for a few divisions, the British did not focus on the development of the tribes. It was only post-independence that the Government took initiative and the tribes began to develop slowly. Even today the state is one of the less developed places of India. The area came to be known as Mishmi Hill district post-independence. In 1956 the entire area known as Lohit Frontier Division became Lohit District and in June, 1980 the Lohit District was bifurcated into two districts - Lohit District and Dibang Valley District. In 2001 the Dibang Valley was again bifurcated into Lower Dibang Valley and Upper Dibang Valley. Roing was declared as the District headquarters of the Lower Dibang Valley District. Ahom Kingdom, British were the prominent rulers.
Bhismaknagar is known for its archaeological ruins of Bhismaknagar Fort. It is located in Dibang Valley district and is a sacred heritage of the Idu Mishmis. It is a symbol of past glory and indicate the high standard of civilisation that once prevailed around Bhismaknagar. Bhismaknagar must have been a strong hold of the Chutiyas (12th-16th centuries) but the excavations has been throwing new light on its much earlier antiquities. Bhismaknagar stands for what is best in the tribal and Aryans way of life. It speaks for the Catholic spirit of the ancient Indians and the contribution made by the Idus to the synthetic fabric of Indian culture. Today Bhismaknagar has become the nucleus of a renaisance a determination of a sturdy race to revive its traditional culture, while accepting everything that is progressive.
Bomdila is a beautiful small town situated at a height of about 8000 ft. above the sea level from where one can see the brilliant landscape and snow-clad mountains of the Himalayan Range. The Buddhist monastery of Bomdila is the repository of culture and is among primary attractions of the area. The small town of Bomdila is perched amongst the panoramic settings of the lofty ranges of the eastern Himalayas. It is a remote destination and like few other Indian towns, it has escaped the virtual tourist invasion in recent times. Bomdila is known for its scenic environs along with its Buddhist monasteries and apple orchids. It also attracts the adventure seeker with its numerous trekking trails.
The origin of Bomdila is lost in time. It was a part of the kingdom of Tibet in medieval times. Local tribal rulers and rulers from Bhutan generally ruled it from time to time. The Ahom rulers of Assam did not interfere with the local tribes except for retaliatory raids into the tribal territory. The British had declared this area of Arunachal Pradesh as off-limits in 1873. The area has remained a cause of disagreement between India and China since India gained independence in 1947. China invaded the area around Bomdila in 1962, but later withdrew its troops from the area.
Bomdila is the headquarters of West Kameng district located at the height of 8500 ft above the sea level. It has a lot of attractions for the tourists with its cool climate, Apple orchards, artistic people, snow-capped Himalayan peaks and Buddhist Gompas. The Buddhist monastery of Bomdila is the repository of culture.. This place has a tourist lodge, a craft centre displaying local crafts and a shopping centre where the visitors gets first feel of the local version of Himalayan Buddhist life.
Local site seeing to Dirang valley and the famous Sela Pass (13,700 ft. M.S.L.) are thrilling experience on the way to Tawang. The Orchid Research and Development Station at Tippi and two other Orchid conservation sanctuaries located at Sessa and Dirang are worth seeing places.
Places Around Bomdila
The small town of Tawang is located north of Bomdila and the journey from Bomdila to Tawang takes the traveler through some breathtaking mountainous terrain. Tawang is perched at a height of over 3,400 m above sea level, and is world-renowned for its 400-year-old Buddhist monastery. The origin of this monastery can be traced to the mid-17th century and is an important Buddhist center of northeast India.
How To Reach
By Road - Bomdila is located in a remote part of India. It does not have an airport or railway station of its own. It is connected by road with other towns in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. Bomdila can be reached from the town of Tezpur by local bus or shared jeep.
Itanagar has been the capital of Arunachal Pradesh since 20th April 1974. Itanagar is situated at the foothills. The township is situated at 350 metres above mean sea level. It comes administratively under Papumpare district. The Nishis or Nishings is the major tribe in Itanagar area. However, Itanagar can be called as mini India, as people from all over the country, live here in harmony. As a capital town, Itanagar is well connected with the rest of the country by road and air communications. Pawan Hans provides Helicopter service between Guwahati and Naharlagun(Itanagar). Deluxe buses are available from Guwahati.
Itanagar is the capital of India's largest North Eastern state. Here one can find historical fort called Itafort, dating back to the 14-15 centuries, after which it is named. The capital houses the Rajbhawan, the official residence of the Governor has also many worth visiting places in and around Itanagar.
These include legendary Ganga Lake (Gyakar Sinyi). It is a beautiful picnic spot, 6 kms away from Itanagar, a green forest lake surrounded by primeval vegetation, orchids masses on tall trees, tree ferns provides a small taste of the magnificent forests of the state.
Interior of Budhist Gompa at Itanagar Consecrated by the Dalai Lama, the Buddhist temple, a beautiful yellow roofed shrine reflects the extensive Tibetan influence and provides good views of Itanagar and the surrounding countryside.
Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum provides a kaleidoscope of Arunachal Pradesh and one can see wood carvings, musical instruments, textiles, handicrafts and archeological finds, while a workshop in the Handicrafts Centre specializes in traditional cane manufacture. It has a library section also. Other important places of interest around Itanagar is Donyi-Polo Vidya Bhawan a Premier Publics School, North-Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology(Nirjuli) - a engineering insitute providing innovative way of education, Arunachal University (Doimukh) and Government Piggery and Poultry Farm (Nirjuli), Indira Gandhi Park.
Malinithan is a temple site in ruins. It is situated at the foot of the Siang hills under the Likabali Sub-Division of West Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh. It is only 1 Km east of Likabali, the nearest administrative centre. Relics of stone images of Malinithan came to be noted from the early twenties of the present century. In course of series of excavation from 1968 and ending 1971, ruins of temples and valuable scriptures were unearthed at this site. The fame of Malinithan as a holy place of worship draws a large number of visitors and piligrims. Plinth of temple after excavation The site excavated has beautifully designed and decorated basement of a temple, divine images, icons of deities, animal motifs and floral designs, carved columns and panels. These rich granite sculptures belong to 14 - 15 century, the more important being Indra on Airavat, Surya on Chariot and huge Nandi bull. The temple dedicated to Goddess Durga at Malinithan is built on the classical tradition of Odisha. . According to the local legend associated with the place, Lord Krishna carried away Rukmini the daughter of King Bhismaka on the eve of her marriage with Shishupal. Krishna and Rukmini were welcomed here by Parvati with garlands. Parvati thus acquired the name Malini and the place Malinithan.
Located in the Changlang district, Namdapha is famous for its wild life sanctuary, which has been declared as a national park. It is a few kilometers away from Miao For the truly dedicated wilderness and wildlife fan, a visit to the Namdapha National Park is challenging, covering a wide range of altitudes from 200 mtrs. to 4,500 mtrs. The park has about 425 bird species with many more to be recorded from work in the higher areas. There are five species of Hornbills recorded from the area. Several species of rare wren-babblers have been recorded in Namdapha. Other bird groups include laughing thrushes, parrot bills, fulvettas, shrike babblers and scimitar babblers. The Snowy throated Babbler is a rare species of Babbler found only in the Pataki and Mishmi hills and nearby areas in Northern Myanmar, is found in Namdapha. Other rare, restricted range or globally endangered species include the Rufous-necked Hornbill, Green Cocoa, Purple Cocoa, Beautiful Nuthatch, Ward's Trogon, Ruddy Kingfisher, Blue-eared Kingfisher, White-tailed fish eagle, Eurasian Hobby, Pied Falconet, White-winged Wood Duck, Himalayan Wood-owl, Rufous-throated Hill-partridge, and White cheeked hill partridge. Several leaf warblers and migrants such as Amur Falcon and several Thrushes can be seen here. The first mid-winter waterfowl census in Namdapha was conducted in 1994 when species such as the White-bellied Heron, a Critically Endangered bird was recorded for the first time.